Spain is characterised as an ideal destination for a complete linguistic immersion. For this reason, most Spanish language students decide to learn the language by visiting our country in order to get to know our culture and learn the language within the country itself. To do this, some of these students must apply for a study visa, which allows them to stay in Spain for a certain period of time, in order to take a course in an authorised teaching centre in Spain, in a full-time programme leading to a degree or certificate of studies.
It should be noted that not all students have to apply for a visa. For this purpose, we have to differentiate them into 3 groups according to the duration of the course:
If you are from a country whose nationals are exempt from the visa requirement, you do not need to apply for a study visa. Conversely, if you are a national of a country subject to a visa requirement to cross external borders, you do have to apply for a visa.
This visa is also necessary if you are going to carry out, for more than 90 days, non-working practices, volunteer services, student mobility, Intern, training stays and studies for the schooling of minors. It is also necessary in the cases of the student’s relatives who wish to stay in Spain for more than 90 days.
You must apply for the foreigner’s identity card within one month of entering Spain, at the Immigration Office or Police Station of the province where the authorization has been processed.
Before the pandemic, the European Union allowed citizens from 105 countries or territories to enter the Schengen area with a visa and those from 67 others without a visa. The list of authorisations has been drastically cut, at least for the time being, to minimise the risk of imported COVID-19 cases.
How to apply for a student visa?
The visa application must be submitted in person or through a representative at the Spanish diplomatic mission or consular office where the student resides, using the official form made available to interested parties.
Once the application has been submitted together with the required documentation, the diplomatic mission or consular post shall be responsible for issuing the visa itself, except in the exceptional cases provided for in the regulations or in those cases in which the Spanish State, in accordance with the Community regulations on the matter, has agreed its representation with another Member State of the European Union in matters of transit or residence visas.
During the visa application process, the diplomatic mission or consular post may require the applicant to appear in person and, when deemed necessary, hold a personal interview to verify his/her identity, the validity of the documentation provided and the veracity of the reason for the visa application. Failure to appear, unless there is good cause duly accredited before the competent body, within the established period (not exceeding 15 days), shall have the effect of considering the interested party to have withdrawn from the procedure.
The maximum period for resolving long-stay visa applications is one month from the date of submission of the application. Once this period has elapsed without the Administration having given an express response, the application may be understood to have been rejected due to administrative silence.
Documentation to be provided
Along with the visa application, the student must provide a series of documents to accredit and justify that he/she meets the requirements of Royal Decree 557/2011, of 20 April. These documents will be detailed below, differentiating between those that must be prepared by the student and those that correspond to the centre:
DOCUMENTATION PROVIDED BY THE STUDENT
- Duly completed visa application form.
- Payment of the processing fee.
- Colour passport-size photographs with white background.
- Complete and valid passport or travel document, recognised as valid in Spain, valid for at least the period for which the stay is requested.
- Documentation accrediting the purpose of the stay (letter of admission).
- Generally for stays of more than 180 days, letter or certificate of criminal record for applicants over the age of criminal law, stating that they have no criminal record in the countries of residence for the last five years, for offences under Spanish law.
- Proof of accommodation for the duration of the studies.
- For stays of more than six months, it will also be required not to suffer from any of the diseases that may have serious public health repercussions.
- Documents justifying the availability of the financial means necessary to cover the costs of the stay and return to their country. If the applicant is economically dependent, the documentation will be that of the family member and must be notarised and duly apostilled.
- Photocopy and original of the airline ticket reservation to specify the scheduled date of travel.
IMPORTANT: Each country has a series of specific requirements, so we recommend you consult the website of the Spanish Embassy / Consulate in your country via this link
DOCUMENTATION PROVIDED BY THE SCHOOL
Among the documents that the student must provide to the corresponding Consulate or Embassy for the issuance of the visa, there are two very important documents for the acceptance of the visa:
The Letter of Admission, which the school must always provide.
Accreditation of accommodation, when the student is staying during the period of the course in a residence or flat belonging to the centre. (If, on the contrary, the student is staying in an external accommodation, this accreditation must be requested from the establishment or individual with whom the accommodation has been booked. In the case of private individuals, a photocopy of the owner's national identity card must also be provided).
IMPORTANT ISSUES TO CONSIDER
CREDITING OF FINANCIAL MEANS In order to support the student's expenses, he/she must have a monthly amount representing 100% of the IPREM, unless he/she can duly prove that he/she has paid in advance for accommodation for the entire duration of the stay. For 2021, this amount corresponds to 564.90€. The IPREM, Indicador Público de Renta de Efectos Múltiples, is the reference index in Spain for the allocation of grants and subsidies based on income, as well as for the concession of other issues that require an economic indicator to process the management. The supporting documents must be properly accredited by the bank and/or notary (depending on the country). In addition, if the applicant is economically dependent, the documentation will be that of the family member and must be notarised and duly apostilled. Some of the documents to be provided are bank statements for the last 3 months and payslips or similar. Original and photocopies must be provided.
NORMATIVES RELATING TO THE APPLICATION The procedures and conditions for the issuance of these visas are contained in: - Organic Law 4/2000, of 11 January, on the rights and freedoms of foreigners in Spain and their social integration. - Royal Decree 557/2011, of 20 April, approving the Regulations of Organic Law 4/2000, on the rights and freedoms of foreigners in Spain and their social integration, following its reform by Organic Law 2/2009.
RESOLUTION OF THE APPLICATION
Once the application has been processed by the diplomatic mission or consular post, the student will be notified of the end of the procedure and must:
If a visa is issued: the person concerned must collect his or her passport in person from the competent diplomatic mission or consular post within one month of notification of the issue of the visa and must check, before leaving the consular section, that there are no errors in the visa data and that the visa is stamped.
If the visa is refused: the applicant shall be notified and informed that he/she may lodge a contentious-administrative appeal with the High Court of Justice of Madrid within two months of the date of notification or, alternatively, an appeal for reconsideration with the same diplomatic mission or consular post within one month of the date of notification of the refusal.
After obtaining the resolution, in case of refusal, the student should have the first option of submitting the appeal for reconsideration to the same administration and within the period indicated. For this purpose, please contact us to make the necessary arrangements.